alexa RAGE drives the development of glomerulosclerosis and implicates podocyte activation in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Wendt TM, Tanji N, Guo J, Kislinger TR, Qu W,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Diabetic nephropathy ensues from events involving earliest changes in the glomeruli and podocytes, followed by accumulation of extracellular matrix in the mesangium. Postulated mechanisms include roles for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), produced by podocytes and contributing to enhanced excretion of urinary albumin and recruitment/activation of inflammatory cells, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), elicited largely from mesangial cells and driving production of extracellular matrix. RAGE, a receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and S100/calgranulins, displays enhanced expression in podocytes of genetically diabetic db/db mice by age 13 weeks. RAGE-bearing podocytes express high levels of VEGF by this time, in parallel with enhanced recruitment of mononuclear phagocytes to the glomeruli; events prevented by blockade of RAGE. By age 27 weeks, soluble RAGE-treated db/db mice displayed diminished albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis, and improved renal function. Diabetic homozygous RAGE null mice failed to develop significantly increased mesangial matrix expansion or thickening of the glomerular basement membrane. We propose that activation of RAGE contributes to expression of VEGF and enhanced attraction/activation of inflammatory cells in the diabetic glomerulus, thereby setting the stage for mesangial activation and TGF-beta production; processes which converge to cause albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords