Author(s): Bertoluzza A
This review deals with the application of Raman spectroscopy to the study of the biocompatibility of orthopaedic and ophthalmological materials and includes an introduction, a brief theory on the fundamental concepts of the technique, a description of the method and of the traditional and non-traditional instrumentation and a brief treatment of the surface properties of the different classes of materials. In the orthopaedic field, Raman studies on the structures of glasses, ceramic materials, carbon fibres and polymers before and after implantation are reviewed, particularly as far as structural modifications at the biomaterial-tissues interface are concerned. In the ophthalmological field, the chemical biocompatibility of hydrophobic and hydrophilic polymers for intraocular and intrastromal implants and for soft contact lenses is considered with respect to the presence of monomeric reactive centres in hydrophobic materials and the water amount in hydrophilic ones. The progress of the multichannel Raman technique for 'in-vivo' measurements is also described.