alexa Randomised controlled trial of effect of high-impact exercise on selected risk factors for osteoporotic fractures.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Author(s): Heinonen A, Kannus P, Sievnen H, Oja P, Pasanen M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fractures among the elderly are common, and without preventive measures the burden of these fractures on health-care systems will increase further. The purpose of this randomised controlled study was to evaluate, in premenopausal women, the effects of high-impact loading on several determinants osteoporotic fractures. METHODS: 98 healthy, sedentary female volunteers aged 35-45 years were randomly assigned to either a training (n = 49) or a control group (n = 49). Progressive high-impact exercises were done three times per week for 18 months. We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in specific axial and lower-limb sites, by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, at baseline and after 12 and 18 months. Maximum isometric strength, muscular and cardiovascular performance, and dynamic balance were also assessed. FINDINGS: BMD at the femoral neck, a weightbearing site, increased significantly more in the training group (mean 1.6\% [95\% CI 0.8-2.4]) than in the control group (0.6\% [-0.2 to 1.4], p = 0.006). By contrast, at non-weightbearing sites, such as the distal radius, there was no significant difference between the training and control groups (-1.5\% [-2.7 to -0.3] vs -0.7\% [-1.9 to -0.5], p = 0.60). In the training group there was a significant improvement in vertical jump and predicted oxygen consumption per min at maximum exercise compared with controls. INTERPRETATION: High-impact exercises that load bones with a rapidly rising force profile in versatile movements improve skeletal integrity, muscular performance, and dynamic balance in premenopausal women. If done on a regular basis, this type of exercise may help decrease the risk of osteoporotic fractures in later life. Long-term studies are required to show whether these 18-month results can be translated into long-term benefit. This article was published in Lancet and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords