alexa Randomized controlled trial of transarterial lipiodol chemoembolization for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Liver

Author(s): ChungMau Lo, Henry Ngan, WaiKuen Tso, ChiLeung Liu, ChiMing Lam

Abstract Share this page

This randomized, controlled trial assessed the efficacy of transarterial Lipiodol (Lipiodol Ultrafluide, Laboratoire Guerbet, Aulnay-Sous-Bois, France) chemoembolization in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. From March 1996 to October 1997, 80 out of 279 Asian patients with newly diagnosed unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma fulfilled the entry criteria and randomly were assigned to treatment with chemoembolization using a variable dose of an emulsion of cisplatin in Lipiodol and gelatin-sponge particles injected through the hepatic artery (chemoembolization group, 40 patients) or symptomatic treatment (control group, 40 patients). One patient assigned to the control group secondarily was excluded because of unrecognized systemic metastasis. Chemoembolization was repeated every 2 to 3 months unless there was evidence of contraindications or progressive disease. Survival was the main end point. The chemoembolization group received a total of 192 courses of chemoembolization with a median of 4.5 (range, 1-15) courses per patient. Chemoembolization resulted in a marked tumor response, and the actuarial survival was significantly better in the chemoembolization group (1 year, 57%; 2 years, 31%; 3 years, 26%) than in the control group (1 year, 32%; 2 years, 11%; 3 years, 3%; P = .002). When adjustments for baseline variables that were prognostic on univariate analysis were made with a multivariate Cox model, the survival benefit of chemoembolization remained significant (relative risk of death, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.29-0.81; P = .006). Although death from liver failure was more frequent in patients who received chemoembolization, the liver functions of the survivors were not significantly different. In conclusion, in Asian patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, transarterial Lipiodol chemoembolization significantly improves survival and is an effective form of treatment.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Hepatology and referenced in Journal of Liver

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Li Yu-Jung
    Intra-maxillary Drug delivery and Bio-sensing via Dental Implant and its considerations
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nicolae Bacalbasa
    The benefits of surgery for breast cancer liver metastases – a single center experience
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Sitanshu Sekhar Lahiri
    A novel oral formulation for cancer therapy, loaded in a slow release matrix for targeted delivery
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Werner Boecker
    Syringomatous tumour of the nipple and low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma: Evidence for a common origin
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Li-Chun Tsou
    Drug delivery device strategy for patient centric therapies
    PDF Version
  • Dipesh Shah
    Compatibility assessment of a model monoclonal antibody formulation in glass and in blow-fi ll-seal (BFS) plastic vial delivery formats
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Tibor Tot
    Multiparameter characterization of breast carcinoma: subgross, microscopy, proteins, and genes
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Stephanie Ramos
    Enhanced Delivery of Dna-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics through Next-Generation Electroporation Devices
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Fathia El Sharkawi
    The effect of PTEN and TRAIL genes loaded on nanoparticles on hepatocellular carcinoma
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nirmala Chauhan
    Modification of dietary fiber psyllium for use in oral insulin delivery
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Youngmi Jung
    TSG-6 induces liver regeneration by enhancing autophagy in mice with chronic liver damage
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Suoqin Tang
    Survivin siRNA nano particles are capable of inhibiting liver cancer cell growth both in vitro and in vivo
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Arshad mahmood
    TRANSPORT OF SELF-NANOEMULSIFYING DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM (SNEDDS) ACROSS MUCUS AND CELLULAR INTERNALIZATION
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wei Duan
    Cancer stem cells targeted delivery of siRNA to overcome induced chemoresistance
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords