alexa Rap1 is a potent activation signal for leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 distinct from protein kinase C and phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Katagiri K, Hattori M, Minato N, Irie Sk, Takatsu K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To identify the intracellular signals which increase the adhesiveness of leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1), we established an assay system for activation-dependent adhesion through LFA-1/intercellular adhesion molecule 1 ICAM-1 using mouse lymphoid cells reconstituted with human LFA-1 and then introduced constitutively active forms of signaling molecules. We found that the phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-responsive protein kinase C (PKC) isotypes (alpha, betaI, betaII, and delta) or phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI 3-kinase) itself activated LFA-1 to bind ICAM-1. H-Ras and Rac activated LFA-1 in a PI 3-kinase-dependent manner, whereas Rho and R-Ras had little effect. Unexpectedly, Rap1 was demonstrated to function as the most potent activator of LFA-1. Distinct from H-Ras and Rac, Rap1 increased the adhesiveness independently of PI 3-kinase, indicating that Rap1 is a novel activation signal for the integrins. Rap1 induced changes in the conformation and affinity of LFA-1 and, interestingly, caused marked LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated cell aggregation. Furthermore, a dominant negative form of Rap1 (Rap1N17) inhibited T-cell receptor-mediated LFA-1 activation in Jurkat T cells and LFA-1/ICAM-1-dependent cell aggregation upon differentiation of HL-60 cells into macrophages, suggesting that Rap1 is critically involved in physiological processes. These unique functions of Rap1 in controlling cellular adhesion through LFA-1 suggest a pivotal role as an immunological regulator.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords