alexa Rapid and sensitive determination of radiocesium (Cs-135, Cs-137) in the presence of excess barium by electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ETV-ICP-MS) with potassium thiocyanate as modifier.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Song M, Probst TU, Berryman NG

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Abstract An electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometric (ETV-ICP-MS) method based on selective volatilization of cesium with KSCN as modifier has been developed for determination of radiocesium, i.e. 135Cs and 137Cs, in the presence of isobaric barium. A 10,000 times excess of barium, which was volatilized at a temperature of 1,100 degrees C, resulted only in a 1\% signal increase in the signal of mass 135 amu. The recommended concentration of KSCN is 0.3 mM, and pretreatment and volatilization temperatures are 400 degrees C and 1,100 degrees C, respectively. A ramp time of 1 s is recommeded for the volatilization step. The achieved limit of detection for 135Cs is 0.2 pg/mL (10 microBq/mL) and 4 fg (0.2 microBq) absolute for a sample volume of 20 microL. This means a limit of detection for 137Cs of 0.2 pg/mL (0.6 Bq/mL) and of 4 fg (0.01 Bq) absolute. Signal variations of 135Cs and 137Cs, respectively, in spiked samples with various matrices were investigated.
This article was published in Fresenius J Anal Chem and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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