alexa Rapid decrease in forced vital capacity in patients with idiopathic pulmonary upper lobe fibrosis.
Pathology

Pathology

Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access

Author(s): Watanabe K, Nagata N, Kitasato Y, Wakamatsu K, Nabeshima K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: We are occasionally presented with patients with unclassifiable interstitial pneumonia of unknown etiology. Idiopathic pulmonary upper lobe fibrosis (IPUF) does not fit any of the currently defined subsets of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). This study was performed to examine clinical, functional, and pathological characteristics of IPUF. METHODS: We present 9 cases of histologically confirmed IPUF. The clinical and histological characteristics of the 9 patients were evaluated. The baseline respiratory function of all patients was measured. There were 7 patients whose forced vital capacity (FVC) had been monitored for at least a year who were selected to quantify the yearly decline in FVC. RESULTS: All patients were slender, with a body mass index of 16.0-19.8 kg/m(2). Seven patients had a history of pneumothorax. Six patients died 1.8 to 5.7 years after the onset of the first symptoms. Fundamental histological features were intraalveolar collagen deposition and densely packed elastic fibers in the subpleural areas. These findings are the same as those seen in pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis. However, the visceral pleura was thickened with dense collagen in only 2 patients, and pleural thickening was localized, if present, in the remaining 7 patients. Ventilatory impairment was also a characteristic. The time course decline of FVC was rapid and almost linear. The median yearly decline in FVC was -20.3\% (range, -7.7\% to -26.5\%), which was more rapid than that reported for chronic fibrosing interstitial pneumonias such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: IPUF is a unique pulmonary fibrosis that results in rapid deterioration of ventilatory function and poor prognosis. Copyright © 2012 The Japanese Respiratory Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Respir Investig and referenced in Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords