Author(s): Doyle E, Fowles SE, McDonnell DF, McCarthy R, White SA
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Abstract A method was developed for the determination of gemifloxacin (I) in human plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Prior to analysis, the protein in plasma samples was precipitated with acetonitrile containing [13C2H3] gemifloxacin (II) to act as an internal standard. The supernatant was injected onto a PLRP-S column without any further clean-up. The mass spectrometer was operated in positive ion mode, employing a heat assisted nebulisation. electrospray interface. Ions were detected in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The assay requires 50 microl of plasma and is precise and accurate within the range 10-5,000 ng/ml. The average within-run and between-run coefficients of variation were <11\% at 10 ng/ml and greater concentrations. The average accuracy of validation standards was generally within +/-7\% of the nominal concentration. There was no evidence of instability of I in human plasma following three complete freeze-thaw cycles and samples can safely be stored for at least 6 months at -20 degrees C. The method proved very robust and was successfully applied to the analysis of clinical samples from patients dosed with gemifloxacin.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta