Author(s): QueipoOrtuo MI, Colmenero JD, Reguera JM, GarcaOrdoez MA, Pachn ME,
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Abstract The aim of this study was to develop a LightCycler-based real-time PCR (LC-PCR) assay and to evaluate its diagnostic use for the detection of Brucella DNA in serum samples. Following amplification of a 223-bp gene sequence encoding an immunogenetic membrane protein (BCSP31) specific for the Brucella genus, melting curve and DNA sequencing analysis was performed to verify the specificity of the PCR products. The intra- and inter-assay variation coefficients were 1.3\% and 6.4\%, respectively, and the detection limit was 5 fg of Brucella DNA (one genome equivalent). After optimisation of the PCR assay conditions, a standard curve was obtained with a linear range (correlation coefficient=0.99) over seven orders of magnitude from 10(7) to 10 fg of Brucella DNA. The LC-PCR assay was found to be 91.9\% sensitive and 95.4\% specific when tested with 65 negative control samples and 62 serum samples from 60 consecutive patients with active brucellosis. The assay is reproducible, easily standardised, minimises the risk of infection in laboratory workers, and has a total processing time of <2 h. It could therefore form a promising and practical approach for the rapid diagnosis of human brucellosis.
This article was published in Clin Microbiol Infect
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology