Author(s): Schnyder B, Pittet M, Durand J, SchnyderCandrian S
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Abstract Insulin resistance is associated with deficits in glucose metabolism. We tested whether the vascular and renal responses to insulin might contribute to insulin resistance. Generation of endothelial-derived vasodilator nitric oxide (NO), estimated after a 2-h period of insulin stimulation, was inhibited in the presence of high glucose. Immunoprecipitations indicated that insulin-induced endothelial signal transduction was mediated through an immediate complex formation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS) with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, which caused serine phosphorylation of a protein complex that was comprised of Akt kinase and endothelial NO synthase. The enzymatic complexes did not form when the endothelial insulin stimulation occurred in the presence of high glucose concentrations. By contrast, neither epithelial signal transduction nor sodium transport in renal epithelial cells was affected by high glucose. Hence, glucose does not appear to modulate either the epithelial IRS cascade or renal sodium retention. Dysfunction of the endothelial IRS cascade and NO generation, which suppresses efficient delivery of nutrients, may further exacerbate the metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab
and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome