alexa Rapid effects of oestrogen on synaptic plasticity: interactions with actin and its signalling proteins.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Bioenergetics: Open Access

Author(s): Babayan AH, Kramr EA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oestrogen rapidly enhances fast excitatory postsynaptic potentials, facilitates long-term potentiation (LTP) and increases spine numbers. Each effect likely contributes to the influence of the steroid on cognition and memory. In the present review, we first describe a model for the substrates of LTP that includes an outline of the synaptic events occurring during induction, expression and consolidation. Briefly, critical signalling pathways involving the small GTPases RhoA and Rac/Cdc42 are activated by theta burst-induced calcium influx and initiate actin filament assembly via phosphorylation (inactivation) of cofilin. Reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton changes spine and synapse morphology, resulting in increased concentrations of AMPA receptors at stimulated contacts. We then use the synaptic model to develop a specific hypothesis about how oestrogen affects both baseline transmission and plasticity. Brief infusions of 17β-oestradiol (E2 ) reversibly stimulate the RhoA, cofilin phosphorylation and actin polymerisation cascade of the LTP machinery; blocking this eliminates the effects of the steroid on transmission. We accordingly propose that E2 induces a weak form of LTP and thereby increases synaptic responses, a hypothesis that also accounts for how it markedly enhances theta burst induced potentiation. Although the effects of E2 on the cytoskeleton could be a result of the direct activation of small GTPases by oestrogen receptors on the synaptic membrane, the hormone also activates tropomyosin-related kinase B receptors for brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a neurotrophin that engages the RhoA-cofilin sequence and promotes LTP. The latter observations raise the possibility that E2 produces its effects on synaptic physiology via transactivation of neighbouring receptors that have prominent roles in the management of spine actin, synaptic physiology and plasticity. © 2013 British Society for Neuroendocrinology.
This article was published in J Neuroendocrinol and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords