Author(s): McNamara JA Jr, Baccetti T, Franchi L, Herberger TA
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Abstract The purpose of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the short- and long-term changes in dental arch dimensions in patients treated with rapid maxillary expansion (RME) followed by fixed edge-wise appliances. The records of 112 patients in the treated group (TG) were compared with those of 41 untreated controls. Serial dental casts were available at three different intervals: pretreatment (T1), after expansion and fixed appliance therapy (T2), and at long-term observation (T3). The mean duration of the T1-T2 and T2-T3 periods for the TG group was three years two months +/- five months and six years one month +/- one year two months, respectively. Treatment by RME followed by fixed appliances produced significantly favorable short- and long-term changes in almost all the maxillary and mandibular arch measurements. In comparison with controls, a net gain of six mm was achieved in the maxillary arch perimeter, whereas a net gain of 4.5 mm was found for the mandibular arch perimeter of treated subjects in the long term. The duration of retention with a fixed lower appliance in the posttreatment period did not appear to affect the long-term outcomes of the treatment protocol significantly. The amount of correction in both maxillary and mandibular intermolar widths equaled two-thirds of the initial discrepancy, whereas treatment eliminated the initial deficiency in maxillary and mandibular intercanine widths. The amount of correction for the deficiency in maxillary arch perimeter was about 80\%, whereas in the mandible a full correction was achieved.
This article was published in Angle Orthod
and referenced in Dentistry