Author(s): Li KM, Thompson MR, McGregor IS
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Abstract A rapid, robust and sensitive method for the extraction and quantitative analysis of serum fluoxetine (FLX) and norfluoxetine (N-FLX) using a solid-phase extraction (SPE) column and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet (UV) detection was developed and validated. The sample clean-up step was performed by simple micro-disc mixed-mode (non-polar and strong cation exchange (SCX)) SPE cartridges. Separation of analytes and internal standard (IS) clomipramine (CLO) from endogenous matrix interference was achieved using a Waters Symmetry C(8) (150 mm x 2.1 mm i.d., 5 microm) reversed-phase narrow bore column. The relative retention times were 8.5, 9.6 and 10.5 min for FLX, N-FLX and CLO, respectively with a low isocratic flow rate of 0.3 ml/min. Chromatographic run time was completed in 15 min and peak area ratios of analytes to IS were used for regression analysis of the calibration curve. The latter was linear from 10 to 4000 nmol/l using 0.5 ml sample volume of serum. The average recovery was 95.5\% for FLX and 96.9\% for N-FLX. The lowest limit of quantitation (LLOQ) for serum FLX and N-FLX was 10 nmol/l (on-column amount of 200 fmol). The method described was used to analyse serum samples obtained from rats given chronic FLX treatment and to examine the relationship between steady state serum drug concentrations and neurochemical changes in several brain regions.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine