alexa Rare APOA5 mutations--clinical consequences, metabolic and functional effects: an ENID review.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Talmud PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In 2001, a gene encoding a novel apolipoprotein (apo), APOA5, was identified by comparative human/mouse sequencing. The encoded protein, apoAV, had been missed in routine apolipoprotein identification because it occurs at very low plasma concentrations and only DNA analysis led to its identification. Knockout and transgenic mouse models of apoAV showed an inverse relationship with plasma triglyceride levels. In human studies, common APOA5 variants have shown near consistent association with elevated plasma TG levels, confirming apoAV as playing a role in human triglyceride metabolism. Based on mouse knockout models it was predicted that individuals with rare mutations in APOA5 would present with severe hypertriglyceridaemia and apoAV deficiency. However, considering the small number of mutation carriers identified to date, the mode of inheritance is variable and in the recessive form TG levels are within the normal range, and apoAV deficiency only occurs in the homozygous state. Furthermore, penetrance of the mutations is low and appears to require co-inheritance of a common APOA5 TG-raising allele as well as environmental factors for expression of the hypertriglyceridaemia. In this review the clinical and metabolic consequences and phenotype of the three APOA5 mutations reported to date, which lead to premature truncations of apoAV are described. The insight these truncated protein give to the structure-function relationship of apoAV is explored and the relative importance of plasma and liver apoAV discussed. This article was published in Atherosclerosis and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords