alexa Rat models of skin wound healing: a review.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Author(s): DorsettMartin WA

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Abstract Rats have been widely used in the study of skin wound healing and the efficacy of different treatment modalities. This particular animal species is often selected for its availability, low cost, and small size. To define the current use of rat skin wound healing models, this manuscript provides a review of articles published between 2000 and 2003 that chose rats as their research animals. Of the 55 articles reviewed, it was found that 38.2\% of the studies used incisional models and 38.2\% used excisional models, with some studies using combinations. The majority of the studies (78.2\%) used the rat's dorsum as the wound location. Male Sprague Dawley in the 250-300 gram weight range were the most preferred rats. Sodium pentobarbital/pentobarbitone was the most commonly used anesthetic choice. Similarities and differences in the selected experimental conditions are noted and questions are raised with regard to comparability between studies and the ability to transfer the data from the animal model to the human clinical situation. Attempts to compare studies for the advancement of wound healing knowledge are being hampered by the differences found between the studies. Standardization in reporting could facilitate comparisons and may instigate additional research that favors the inevitable comparisons between the studies. Thus, universal reporting requirements need to be developed for animal wound healing studies. This article was published in Wound Repair Regen and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

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