Author(s): Underwood PA, Bean PA, Gamble JR
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Abstract Procedures used to alleviate blood vessel occlusion result in varying degrees of damage to the vascular wall and endothelial denudation. The presence of intact, functioning endothelium is thought to be important in controlling smooth muscle cell growth, and limiting the intimal thickening which results from damage to the vessel wall. Recovery of the endothelium is commonly slow and incomplete, due in part to endothelial lateral cell:cell adhesion, which limits cell migration and proliferation. We have investigated the effect of fibroblast growth factor 2 and vascular/endothelial growth factor on the relationship between the temporal distribution of the junctional adhesion proteins, platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule, vascular/endothelial cadherin and plakoglobin, and cellular migration and proliferation in an in vitro model of endothelial expansion. We found that whereas cell:cell junctions were initially disturbed to similar extents by single applications of the growth factors, outward cell migration and proliferation rates were inversely correlated with the speed at which cell:cell junctions were re-established. This occurred very rapidly with vascular/endothelial growth factor treatment and more slowly with fibroblast growth factor-2, resulting in more extensive outward migration and proliferation in response to the latter. Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule and vascular/endothelial cadherin appeared to be associated with cell:cell junctional control of migration and proliferation, while plakoglobin did not contribute. It was concluded that the rate of endothelial expansion in response to growth factors, is limited by the rate of re-association of junctional complexes following initial disruption.
This article was published in Int J Biochem Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy