alexa Rate of increase of plasma drug level influences subjective response in humans.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): de Wit H, Bodker B, Ambre J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This study addressed the commonly held, but seldom tested, notion that faster rates of increase of drug effects are associated with more positive subjective effects. Sodium pentobarbital was administered to normal healthy volunteers in either a single oral dose or in a series of divided, cumulating doses, and subjective responses were monitored. Twelve subjects participated in three weekly sessions, during which they received capsules containing placebo, 150 mg pentobarbital in a single dose (SIN) or 180 mg pentobarbital administered in six divided doses (DIV) of 30 mg every 30 min. Doses of pentobarbital in the SIN and DIV were selected to produce similar peak plasma levels. Blood samples were obtained at regular intervals for plasma drug level determinations, and throughout the session subjects completed self-report mood questionnaires (e.g., Profile of Mood States, visual analog ratings of drug liking and drug "high") and psychomotor performance tests (e.g., Digit Symbol Substitution Test). As expected, the SIN and DIV conditions yielded similar peak levels of pentobarbital, but the peak was attained more rapidly in the SIN condition. Despite the similarity in peak plasma levels, subjects reached greater peaks in ratings of "high" and wanted more of the drug when they were in the SIN condition. On an end-of-session liking questionnaire they also reported significantly greater liking of the drug in the SIN condition. On other measures of drug effects (e.g., sedation and psychomotor impairment) no significant differences were observed between the conditions. Thus, the rate of increase of the drug's effects specifically influenced subjects' ratings on subjective measures (e.g., "high" and liking) that may be associated with risk for abuse.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Psychopharmacology (Berl) and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords