Author(s): Tsuchida N, Yamabe S
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Abstract Tautomerization paths of 2(and 4)-hydroxypyridine (called here HP) to 2(and 4)-pyridone (called here PY) with water molecules were investigated by the use of density functional theory calculations. Potential energies were compared for a number of water molecules. The 2-HP molecule was found to be isomerized most readily and concertedly to the 2-PY one via proton relays with two water molecules. The reaction pattern is invariant even when outer water molecules are added. The 4-HP(H(2)O)(n) --> 4-PY(H(2)O)(n) reaction model did not give small activation energies. However, a reaction of (4-HP)(2)(H(2)O)(2) --> (4-PY)(2)(H(2)O)(2) was found to occur readily through a transient ion-pair intermediate. The conversion processes of (2-PY)(2) to the tautomerization reacting system were discussed. The hydrogen-bond directionality regulates the tautomerization paths.
This article was published in J Phys Chem A
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access