Author(s): Shinohara M, Adachi Y, Mitsushita J, Kuwabara M, Nagasawa A,
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Abstract A mediating role of the reactive oxygen species-generating enzyme Nox1 has been suggested for Ras oncogene transformation phenotypes including anchorage-independent cell growth, augmented angiogenesis, and tumorigenesis. However, little is known about whether Nox1 signaling regulates cell invasiveness. Here, we report that the cell invasion activity was augmented in K-Ras-transformed normal rat kidney cells and attenuated by transfection of Nox1 small interference RNAs (siRNAs) into the cells. Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) or Nox1 siRNAs blocked up-regulation of matrix metalloprotease-9 at both protein and mRNA levels in K-Ras-transformed normal rat kidney cells. Furthermore, DPI and Nox1 siRNAs inhibited the activation of IKKalpha kinase and the degradation of IkappaB alpha, suppressing the NFkappaB-dependent matrix metalloprotease-9 promoter activity. Additionally, epidermal growth factor-stimulated migration of CaCO-2 cells was abolished by DPI and Nox1 siRNAs, indicating the requirement of Nox1 activity for the motogenic effect of epidermal growth factor. This Nox1 action was mediated by down-regulation of the Rho activity through the low molecular weight protein-tyrosine phosphatase-p190RhoGAP-dependent mechanism. Taken together, our findings define a mediating role of Nox1-generated reactive oxygen species in cell invasion processes, most notably metalloprotease production and cell motile activity.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine