Author(s): Saunders JA, Rogers LC, Klomsiri C, Poole LB, Daniel LW
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is produced by tumor cells and is present in the ascites fluid of ovarian cancer patients. To determine the role of endogenous LPA in the ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3, we treated cells with the LPA receptor antagonist VPC32183 and found that it inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis. Exogenous LPA further stimulated ERK and Akt phosphorylation and NF-κB activity. To determine if reactive oxygen species (ROS), which have been implicated as second messengers in cell signaling, were also involved in LPA signaling, we treated cells with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), and antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine, EUK-134 and curcumin, and showed that all blocked LPA-dependent NF-κB activity and cell proliferation. DPI and EUK-134 also inhibited Akt and ERK phosphorylation. LPA was shown to stimulate dichlorofluorescein fluorescence, though not in the presence of DPI, apocynin (an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase), VPC32183, or PEG-catalase. Akt phosphorylation was also inhibited by PEG-catalase and apocynin. These data indicate that NADPH oxidase is a major source of ROS and H(2)O(2) is critical for LPA-mediated signaling. Thus, LPA acts as a growth factor and prevents apoptosis in SKOV3 cells by signaling through redox-dependent activation of ERK, Akt, and NF-κB-dependent signaling pathways. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine