Author(s): Koblin BA, Heagerty P, Sheon A, Buchbinder S, Celum C,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the willingness of populations at high risk of HIV-1 infection to participate in HIV vaccine efficacy trials, determine factors influencing decision-making, and evaluate knowledge levels of vaccine trial concepts. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: HIV-1-negative homosexual men, male and female injecting drug users and non-injecting women at heterosexual risk were recruited in eight cities in the United States (n=4892). RESULTS: A substantial proportion of the study population (77\%) would definitely (27\%) or probably (50\%) be willing to participate in a randomized vaccine efficacy trial. Increased willingness was associated with high-risk behaviors, lower education level, being uninsured or covered by public insurance, and not having been in a previous vaccine preparedness study. Altruism and a desire for protection from the vaccine were major motivators for participation. Major concerns included positive HIV-1 antibody test due to vaccine, safety of the vaccine, and possible problems with insurance or foreign travel. Baseline knowledge of vaccine trial concepts was low. CONCLUSIONS: It is likely that high-risk volunteers will be willing to enroll in HIV vaccine efficacy trials. A variety of participant and community educational strategies are needed to address participant concerns, and to ensure understanding of key concepts prior to giving consent for participation.
This article was published in AIDS
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