Author(s): Trudeau F, Daigle F, Leech D
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Abstract We have investigated aerobic mediation of electron transfer to a laccase enzyme by the solution redox couples [Os(bpy)(2)Cl(2)](+/0) and [Os(bpy)(2)(MeIm)Cl](2+/+), where bpy is 2,2-bipyridine and MeIm is N-methylimidazole. The factors that influence the homogeneous mediation reaction are investigated and discussed. Investigation of ionic strength, pH, and temperature effects on the kinetics of intermolecular electron transfer elucidates the governing factors in the mediator-enzyme reactions. Coimmobilization of both enzyme and an osmium redox mediator in a hydrogel on glassy carbon electrodes results in a biosensor for the reagentless addressing of enzyme activity, consuming only oxygen present in solution. Thus, these immobilized enzyme biosensors can be utilized for the detection of modulators of laccase activity, such as the inhibitor sodium azide. The enzyme inhibition biosensor can detect levels of azide as low as 2.5 × 10(-6) mol dm(-3) in solution.
This article was published in Anal Chem
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology