alexa Recent advances in Essential Tremor: Surgical treatment.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Author(s): Picillo M, Fasano A, Picillo M, Fasano A

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Abstract While no real breakthrough in the medical treatment of Essential Tremor (ET) has recently emerged, surgical field is expanding exponentially. Purpose of this review is to examine the recent and future developments of the surgical treatments for ET. Technological advances are shaping the present and the future application of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in ET. New electrode configurations as well as new implantable pulse generators are now available. Application of closed-loop or adaptive stimulation in clinical practice will allow DBS to deliver stimulation in a truly physiological way to restore aberrant neurological circuits on demand, thus avoiding side effects, tolerance and also saving the battery life. Besides DBS and standard thalamotomy, novel surgical approaches for ET are on the horizon. The development of MRI-guided focused ultrasound technique has been the new frontier of deep brain lesional therapies. Although the benefit of motor cortex stimulation is yet to be defined, this minimally invasive approach remains intriguing. Although the advances of surgical treatments along the clinical and technological directions described in this review will certainly contribute to a successful management of ET patients, future studies need to consider critical issues such as the heterogeneity of ET and the development of tolerance. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Parkinsonism Relat Disord and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

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