alexa Recent advances in understanding of vanilloid receptors: a therapeutic target for treatment of pain and inflammation in skin.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Biro T, Acs G, Acs P, Modarres S, Blumberg PM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract C-fiber sensory afferent neurons, which contain neuropeptides such as calcitonin-gene related peptide and substance P, mediate a wide variety of physiologic responses, including chemogenic pain, thermoregulation, and neurogenic inflammation. Capsaicin, the pungent constituent in red pepper, functions to activate and then, at higher doses and longer times, desensitize this class of neurons. This latter response provides the basis for the therapeutic application of capsaicin. A major advance in the field has been the identification of resiniferatoxin, a phorbol-related diterpene, as an analog of capsaicin that is ultrapotent but with differential selectivity. In particular, resiniferatoxin is only similar in potency for induction of pain but is much more effective for desensitization. Structure-activity analysis in whole animal experiments provides further evidence for dissociation of biologic endpoints, strongly arguing for the existence of vanilloid receptor subclasses. Using resiniferatoxin, we have been able to define specific, high-affinity receptors for capsaicin both in animal models such as rats and in man. Of great importance, the pharmacologic characterization in cultured dorsal root ganglion cells of the high-affinity resiniferatoxin-binding site and of the physiologic response believed to be directly coupled to the receptor, viz. calcium uptake, differed in structure-activity and in cooperativity. We conclude that multiple high-affinity vanilloid receptor subclasses mediate vanilloid response; moreover, the resiniferatoxin-selective subclass of vanilloid receptors is not the voltage-independent, cation-nonselective ion channel as previously believed. Optimization of ligands for the individual vanilloid receptor subclasses should revolutionize this therapeutic area.
This article was published in J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Nano Congress for Next Generation
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Brussels,Belgium
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    September 14-15, 2017 Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    November 6-7, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
  • World Congress on Nanoscience and Nano Technology
    October 16-17, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • World Medical Nanotechnology Congress
    October 18-19, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Nanoscienceand Molecular Nanotechnology
    Nov 06-08, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords