alexa Recognition and elongation of telomeres by telomerase.


Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Blackburn EH, Greider CW, Henderson E, Lee MS, Shampay J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Telomeres stabilize chromosomal ends and allow their complete replication in vivo. In diverse eukaryotes, the essential telomeric DNA sequence consists of variable numbers of tandem repeats of simple, G + C rich sequences, with a strong strand bias of G residues on the strand oriented 5' to 3' toward the chromosomal terminus. This strand forms a protruding 3' over-hang at the chromosomal terminus in three different eukaryotes analyzed. Analysis of yeast and protozoan telomeres showed that telomeres are dynamic structures in vivo, being acted on by shortening and lengthening activities. We previously identified and partially purified an enzymatic activity, telomere terminal transferase, or telomerase, from the ciliate Tetrahymena. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme with essential RNA and protein components. This activity adds repeats of the Tetrahymena telomeric sequence, TTGGGG, onto the 3' end of a single-stranded DNA primer consisting of a few repeats of the G-rich strand of known telomeric, and telomere-like, sequences. The shortest oligonucleotide active as a primer was the decamer G4T2G4. Structural analysis of synthetic DNA oligonucleotides that are active as primers showed that they all formed discrete intramolecular foldback structures at temperatures below 40 degrees C. Addition of TTGGGG repeats occurs one nucleotide at a time by de novo synthesis, which is not templated by the DNA primer. Up to 8000 nucleotides of G4T2 repeats were added to the primer in vitro. We discuss the implications of this finding for regulation of telomerase in vivo and a model for telomere elongation by telomerase.
This article was published in Genome and referenced in Virology & Mycology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version