Author(s): Wanke C, Gerrior J, Kantaros J, Coakley E, Albrecht M
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in the treatment of the fat redistribution syndrome (FRS) in patients with HIV. DESIGN: A prospective, open-label study. SETTING: An urban, university-affiliated Infectious Disease Clinic. PATIENTS: Ten HIV-infected patients (seven men, three women) with FRS. INTERVENTIONS: Treatment with 6 mg of rhGH a day, subcutaneously for 12 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body mass index (BMI), body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), body composition by anthropometrics (including waist/hip ratio), buffalo hump. RESULTS: The mean age was 41.7 years, the CD4 cell count was 247, and the HIV RNA was 95 735 copies/ml; 50\% had undetectable viral RNA. The BMI was significantly increased from baseline to the end of treatment with growth hormone (25.3-26.9 kg/m2; P < 0.04); the waist/hip ratio significantly decreased from baseline levels, after treatment with growth hormone (1.03-0.9; P < 0.04); mid-thigh circumference increased significantly when baseline was compared with measures after treatment (49.1-51.8 cm; P < 0.03). One patient had to discontinue therapy because of hyperglycemia. CONCLUSION: Short-term treatment with rhGH improved the alterations in body shape that occur with FRS in HIV-infected patients. Waist/hip ratios and mid-thigh circumference are useful measures to follow alterations in body shape in FRS.
This article was published in AIDS
and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome