Author(s): Folign B, Nutten S, Steidler L, Dennin V, Goudercourt D,
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Abstract Probiotic bacteria have been shown to exert promising beneficial effects in different types of intestinal disorders, including chronic inflammation. In this context, animal models of inflammatory bowel disease are useful in studying the possible prophylactic role of candidate probiotic strains. This study aimed at evaluating the critical technological and microbiological parameters as well as the robustness of the murine trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced model of colitis, after intragastric administration of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) preparations. A standardized methodology was applied to assess the protective effect achieved by various bacterial concentrations and culture conditions of the reference strain Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 8826. Not only was protection found to vary in function in different levels of colitis, but also repeated experiments showed a clear bacterial dose-dependent attenuation of colitis. The physiological stage of bacteria was shown to impact as well, with substantial, mild, or reduced improvement of inflammatory scores for exponentially growing, stationary-phase, or killed bacteria, respectively. A recombinant strain, secreting murine interleukin-10 (IL-10) and previously reported to successfully treat colitis in two different models of murine colitis (dextran sulfate sodium [DSS] and IL-10-deficient mice), was used to validate the final experimental conditions. In conclusion, we identified and optimized some of the key parameters that need to be controlled in order to ensure reliable comparison of results generated over a long period of time or independent experiments. The recommendations for an improved model presented here will prove to be helpful for reproducible, independent comparison of the anti-inflammatory potential of wild-type or recombinant candidate probiotic strains, whether administered as pure cultures or as blends.
This article was published in Dig Dis Sci
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology