Author(s): Rilfors L, Niemi A, Haraldsson S, Edwards K, Andersson AS,
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Abstract The activity of phosphatidylserine (PS) synthase (CDP-1, 2-diacyl-sn-glycerol: l-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase, EC 2.7.8. 8) from Escherichia coli was studied after reconstitution with lipid vesicles of various compositions. PS synthase exhibited practically no activity in the absence of a detergent and with the substrate CDP-diacylglycerol (CDP-DAG) present only in the lipid vesicles. Inclusion of octylglucoside (OG) in the assay mixture increased the activity 20- to 1000-fold, the degree of activation depending on the lipid composition of the vesicles. Inclusion of additional CDP-DAG in the assay mixture increased the activity 5- to 25-fold. When the fraction of phosphatidylglycerol (PG) was increased from 15 to 100 mol\% in the vesicles the activity increased 10-fold using the assay mixture containing OG. The highest activities were exhibited with the anionic lipids synthesized by E. coli, namely PG, diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), and phosphatidic acid, while phosphatidylinositol gave a lower activity. Cryotransmission electron microscopy showed that transformation of the vesicles to micelles brings about an activation of the enzyme that is proportional to the degree of micellization. Thus, the activity of PS synthase is modulated by the lipid aggregate structure and by the fraction and type of anionic phospholipid in the aggregates. The increase in the activity caused by PG and DPG is physiologically relevant; it may be part of a regulatory mechanism that keeps the balance between phosphatidylethanolamine, and the sum of PG and DPG, nearly constant in wild-type E. coli cells.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry