Author(s): Kaplan N, Zosim Z, Rosenberg E
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Abstract Acinetobacter calcoaceticus BD4 and BD413 produce extracellular emulsifying agents when grown on 2\% ethanol medium. For emulsifying activity, both polysaccharide and protein fractions were required, as demonstrated by selective digestion of the polysaccharide with a specific bacteriophage-borne polysaccharide depolymerase, deproteinization of the extracellular emulsifying complex with hot phenol, and reconstitution of emulsifier activity with pure polysaccharide and a polysaccharide-free protein fraction. Chemical modification of the carboxyl groups in the polysaccharide resulted in a loss of activity. The protein required for reconstitution of emulsifying activity was purified sevenfold. The BD4 emulsan apparently derives its amphipathic properties from the association of an anionic hydrophilic polysaccharide with proteins.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology