alexa Reconstitution of hybrid proteasomes from purified PA700-20 S complexes and PA28alphabeta activator: ultrastructure and peptidase activities.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Kopp F, Dahlmann B, Kuehn L

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Abstract The activity of the proteasome, the major non-lysosomal proteinase in eukaryotes, is stimulated by two activator complexes, PA700 and PA28. PA700-20 S-PA700 proteasome complexes, generally designated as 26 S proteasomes, degrade proteins, whereas complexes of the type PA28-20 S-PA28 degrade only peptides. We report, for the first time, the in vitro reconstitution of previously identified hybrid proteasomes (PA700-20 S-PA28) from purified PA700-20 S proteasome complexes and PA28 activator. In electron micrographs, the hybrid appears as a corkscrew-shaped particle with a PA700 and a PA28 activator each bound to a terminal alpha-disk of the 20 S core proteasome. The multiple peptidase activities of hybrid proteasomes are not different from those of PA28-20 S-PA28 or PA700-20 S-PA700 complexes. Copyright 2001 Academic Press. This article was published in J Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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