Author(s): Zhao XY, Huang XJ, Liu KY, Xu LP, Liu DH
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Abstract The effect of natural killer (NK) cell alloreactivity on the outcome of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), with or without in vitro T cell depletion, remains controversial. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) recognize human leukocyte antigen C and B epitopes on target cells, thereby regulating NK cell activity. To examine the recovery of CD94:NKG2A and KIR (CD158a, CD158b, and CD158e) expression by NK cells, we used flow cytometry to evaluate samples from 24 patients and their donors before and in the year following unmanipulated HLA-haploidentical/mismatched blood and marrow transplantation. Linear regression analysis demonstrated that NKG2A recovery was inversely correlated with CD158b recovery in the year following transplant. The doses of T cell subgroups CD4+ and CD8+ were inversely associated with CD158a and CD158e expression during the 2 months following transplantation. Moreover, patients with grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) or who received "high" doses of T cells (>1.37 x 10(8)/kg) showed delayed recovery of KIRs during the 2 months following transplantation. Univariate analysis showed that patients with high CD94 expression by day 60 (>90\%) or who received donors with high CD94 expression (>80\%) were associated with higher transplantation-related mortality (P = .006 or .067, respectively) and poorer leukemia-free survival (P = .012 or .094, respectively). Thus, the occurrence of aGVHD or the receipt of high doses of T cells in the allograft altered KIR reconstitution. Furthermore, high levels of CD94 expression in donors or in recipients by day 60 might be a good predictor for poor prognosis.
This article was published in Biol Blood Marrow Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy