Author(s): Merry AH, Neville DC, Royle L, Matthews B, Harvey DJ, , Merry AH, Neville DC, Royle L, Matthews B, Harvey DJ,
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Abstract The initial step in quantitative analysis of O-linked glycans of glycoproteins is to release them in high yield, nonselectively, unmodified, and with a free reducing terminus. In contrast to other techniques, hydrazinolysis can meet these criteria. However, when analyzing pools of O-linked glycans as described in the accompanying article by L. Royle et al. (2002, Anal. Biochem. 304), some peeling of the glycans was observed. Critical steps in the sample preparation and glycan recovery were therefore evaluated by analyzing and identifying both intact O-glycans and degraded products. Synthetic O-glycopeptides were characterized by mass spectrometry. Released glycans were identical to those on the glycopeptide. O-Linked glycans from a range of glycoproteins of increasing complexity, namely, bovine serum fetuin, glycophorin A, and previously uncharacterized glycopeptides isolated from human salivary mucin Muc5B, were also analyzed. Quantitative analysis of the glycan profile confirmed that there was <2\% peeling of O-glycans released by hydrazinolysis conditions of 60 degrees C for 6 h, and recovered using the optimised procedure now described. This demonstrated that O-glycans can be prepared by hydrazinolysis without degradation and, as part of an analytical strategy, makes the analysis of O-glycans attached to low-microgram levels of naturally occurring glycoproteins feasible. (c)2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
This article was published in Anal Biochem
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine