Author(s): Schulz R, Guth BD, Pieper K, Martin C, Heusch G
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Abstract The regional, functional as well as metabolic consequences of inotropic stimulation on myocardium subjected to prolonged moderate ischemia were investigated. In 35 enflurane-anesthetized swine the left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated and perfused at constant flow. The vein paralleling the left anterior descending coronary artery was cannulated for measurement of lactate and oxygen content. Transmural biopsies from the anterior myocardium were taken for the measurement of ATP, creatine phosphate, and glycogen. After control measurements, flow was adjusted to reduce regional contractile function (expressed as a work index, determined by sonomicrometry) by approximately 50\%. After either 5, 25, 40, or 85 minutes of moderate ischemia, dobutamine was infused for 5 minutes into the ischemic region. In a separate group of five swine also subjected to 85 minutes of ischemia followed by infusion of dobutamine and 2 hours of reperfusion, triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining and light microscopy were used to identify infarcted tissue. Moderate ischemia (regional myocardial blood flow, 0.21 +/- 0.07 ml.min-1.g-1, determined by radiolabeled microspheres) was associated with a reduction of creatine phosphate after 5 minutes (from 9.35 +/- 2.54 to 6.43 +/- 1.06 mumol/g wet wt, p less than 0.05) and a further reduction after 25 minutes (3.18 +/- 0.69 mumol/g wet wt, p less than 0.05). Thereafter, creatine phosphate recovered despite continued ischemia (after 40 minutes, 4.95 +/- 1.37 mumol/g wet wt; after 85 minutes, 5.78 +/- 2.27 mumol/g wet wt). Lactate consumption during control conditions was reversed to production after 5 minutes of ischemia, which moderated during more prolonged ischemia. Without changing regional myocardial blood flow, infusion of dobutamine increased the work index significantly at any time point but also caused worsening of metabolic markers of ischemia. Nevertheless, even after 85 minutes of ischemia followed by the infusion of dobutamine and 2 hours of reperfusion, there was no evidence of necrosis. This experimental model provides a means of characterizing the mechanisms of short-term hibernation.
This article was published in Circ Res
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones