alexa Recurrence rates of ischial sores in para- and tetraplegics treated with hamstring flaps: an 8-year study.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research

Author(s): Tavakoli K, Rutkowski S, Cope C, Hassall M, Barnett R,

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Abstract We have collected data on the second follow-up of 27 patients who underwent musculocutaneous flap closure of their ischial pressure sores. Thirty-seven ulcers were operated on between 1988 and 1993 using the V-Y advancement hamstring musculocutaneous island flap. At the initial follow-up (mean = 20 months) in 1993, despite 33\% of patients having had recurrent ulcers and 14.8\% having undergone re-advancements, only 14\% of patients had non-healing ulcers. In 1997, follow-up period ranged from 18 to 90 months, with a mean of 62 months. Four patients were lost to follow-up resulting in 23 patients (n = 23) for the current study. Nine patients were tetraplegic and the remaining 14 were paraplegic. Four of the 23 patients had died at follow-up therefore making the number of living patients 19 (n = 19). The total number of ulcers operated on in the current study was 29 (U = 29). Overall, ulcer and patient recurrence rates were 41.4\% and 47.8\% respectively. Despite this, 89.5\% of patients had intact flaps at the time of follow-up. We recommend the use of the hamstring V-Y musculocutaneous flap as a reliable and safe reconstructive modality in the management of ischial pressure sores and by identifying the group of patients susceptible to ulcer recurrence we have proposed a protocol for their long-term follow-up. This article was published in Br J Plast Surg and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research

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