Author(s): Reinsch N, Plicht B, Lind A, Jnosi RA, Buck T,
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Abstract Infective endocarditis (IE) due to Gram-negative bacteria is a rare occurrence, with a relative frequency of less than 10\% compared to that caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Herein is presented the fatal case of a 66-year-old man who had undergone mechanical aortic valve replacement 10 years previously, and developed aortic valve IE after sepsis with Pasteurella multocida caused by a cat bite at the left medial ankle. In addition, the patient suffered five months later from mitral and aortic valve endocarditis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Recurrent surgical therapy was mandatory. This unique case of recurrent Gram-negative IE shows that the condition must still be regarded as complex and often fatal, despite adequate medical and surgical treatment.
This article was published in J Heart Valve Dis
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports