Author(s): LIU Yan, DAI Huaping, XU Lili, LI Xue
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause. It commonly affects young to middle-aged adults and frequently presents with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary infiltration, and ocular and skin lesions. Pleural involvement is relatively uncommon. Pneumothorax is a rare complication of sarcoidosis, occurring usually in the late fibrotic stages of the disease with associated bullous changes. There are only scattered case reports on pneumothorax as the first manifestation of sarcoidosis in medical literature. The present case study reports a young man who presented first with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax during the early stage and relapse of sarcoidosis.