Author(s): Westendorf ML, Dong ZC, Schoknecht PA
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Abstract This project was undertaken to compare growth, meat quality, and diet digestibility when pigs were fed cafeteria food waste (FW) or a corn/soybean meal (CSM) diet. Cafeteria food waste (36 samples) fed in the growing and finishing experiment averaged 22.4\% DM, 21.4\% CP, 14.1\% ADF, 27.2\% ether extract, and 3.2\% ash. The first experiment used 50 crossbred pigs randomly assigned to four diets. During the growing phase, pigs fed a CSM diet gained faster (P < .05) than pigs fed FW or FW plus energy supplements. However, the two groups fed FW plus energy supplements (at 25 or 50\% of the intake of the CSM diet) gained faster (P < .05) than pigs fed FW alone (.61 and .65 kg/d, respectively, vs .46 kg/d). In the finishing phase, FW plus an energy supplement fed at 50\% of the level of CSM intake resulted in gains that did not differ from those of pigs fed the CSM diet (.90 vs .99 kg/d; P > .05). A nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance trial using eight growing barrows compared FW with the same CSM growing diet fed earlier. Dry matter digestibility was similar for the two diets (P > .05). However, CP digestibility was higher (P < .05) in the FW diet than in the CSM diet (88.2 vs 84.3\%). Although the percentage of nitrogen retained was not different between FW and CSM diets (56.0 vs 55.2\%; P > .05), the amount of nitrogen retained was greater for pigs fed the CSM diet (29.3 vs. 24.5 g/d; P < .05) because DMI was greater (1.7 vs 1.4 kg/d) for pigs fed CSM compared with FW. At the completion of the finishing experiment, six pigs were selected from both the CSM and FW diets and fed to finishing weight. The pigs were slaughtered, and the pork loins were removed for flavor and texture analysis. A consumer panel rated the meat quality from FW pigs as acceptable and overall flavor comparable to CSM pigs (P > .05). These results indicate that food waste has nutritive value and may be useful in swine diets.
This article was published in J Anim Sci
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation