Author(s): Gromm M, Uytdehaag FG, Janssen H, Calafat J, van Binnendijk RS,
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Abstract MHC class I molecules usually present peptides derived from endogenous antigens that are bound in the endoplasmic reticulum. Loading of exogenous antigens on class I molecules, e.g., in cross-priming, sometimes occurs, but the intracellular location where interaction between the antigenic fragment and class I takes place is unclear. Here we show that measles virus F protein can be presented by class I in transporters associated with antigen processing-independent, NH(4)Cl-sensitive manner, suggesting that class I molecules are able to interact and bind antigen in acidic compartments, like class II molecules. Studies on intracellular transport of green fluorescent protein-tagged class I molecules in living cells confirmed that a small fraction of class I molecules indeed enters classical MHC class II compartments (MIICs) and is transported in MIICs back to the plasma membrane. Fractionation studies show that class I complexes in MIICs contain peptides. The pH in MIIC (around 5.0) is such that efficient peptide exchange can occur. We thus present evidence for a pathway for class I loading that is shared with class II molecules.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access