Author(s): Silence J, Collen D, Lijnen HR
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Abstract Development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions and aneurysm formation were investigated in mice with single or combined deficiency of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) kept on a cholesterol-rich diet for 30 weeks. Atherosclerotic lesions throughout the thoracic aorta were significantly (P<0.001) larger in mice wild-type for TIMP-1 (ApoE-/-:TIMP-1+/+) than in mice deficient in TIMP-1 (ApoE-/-:TIMP-1-/-). Aneurysms in the thoracic and abdominal aortas were less frequent in ApoE-/-:TIMP-1+/+ mice than in ApoE-/-:TIMP-1-/- mice (11+/-3.0 versus 23+/-5.1 aneurysms per 100 sections analyzed, mean+/-SD, P<0.001). Immunocytochemistry revealed enhanced accumulation of Oil red O-stained lipids, colocalizing with macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions of ApoE-/-:TIMP-1-/- mice (P<0.05). In situ zymography using a casein substrate showed enhanced lysis in plaques of ApoE-/-:TIMP-1-/- mice as compared with ApoE-/-:TIMP-1+/+ mice (P<0.01). MMP activity was most pronounced at sites where degradation of the elastic lamina occurred. These data suggest that enhanced MMP activity, as a result of TIMP-1 deficiency, contributes to a reduction of atherosclerotic plaque size but promotes aneurysm formation.
This article was published in Circ Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology