Author(s): AjayiObe M, Saeed N, Cowan FM, Rutherford MA, Edwards AD
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Abstract Most growth in cortical connections and complexity occurs after 25 weeks. The cerebral cortex of extremely preterm infants when imaged at gestational age 38-42 weeks had less cortical surface area and was less complex than in normal infants born around term (p<0.0148 and p<0.0002, respectively), despite similar term-corrected cerebral tissue volumes. Since deficits acquired during critical periods of brain development may be permanent, these results suggest a neural substrate for the neurocognitive impairment that is frequent among such preterm infants.
This article was published in Lancet
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology