alexa Reduced microRNA-150 is associated with poor survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension.


Advanced Practices in Nursing

Author(s): Rhodes CJ, Wharton J, Boon RA, Roexe T, Tsang H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract RATIONALE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) are implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). OBJECTIVES: We sought to measure changes in plasma levels of miRNAs in patients with PAH and relate them to the severity of the disease. METHODS: A microarray screen was performed on total plasma RNA from eight patients with PAH and eight healthy control subjects. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction confirmed reduced miR-150 concentrations and was then used to measure miR-150 levels in (1) two separate cohorts of patients with PAH, from London (n = 145) and Sheffield (n = 30), respectively; (2) circulating microvesicles and blood cells; and (3) lungs from a monocrotaline rat model. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Fifty-eight miRNAs showed differences in plasma concentration and miR-150 the largest down-regulation in PAH. Receiver-operator-characteristic analysis showed both raw and normalized plasma miR-150 levels correlated with 2-year survival (P < 0.01) in patients with PAH. Cox regression analysis confirmed miR-150 levels as a significant predictor of survival. Age, baseline cardiac index, World Health Organization functional class, 6-minute walk distance, disease duration, and red cell distribution width also predicted survival. Entering these covariates in a multivariable model verified plasma miR-150 levels as an independent predictor of survival in PAH (hazard ratio, 0.533; P = 0.010). miR-150 levels also predicted survival in a second, independent PAH cohort. miR-150 levels were significantly reduced in circulating microvesicles from patients with PAH and the lungs of the monocrotaline rat. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced circulating miR-150 levels are associated with poor survival in PAH. This article was published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med and referenced in Advanced Practices in Nursing

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version