alexa Reduced oxidative function in gingival crevicular neutrophils in periodontal disease.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Loesche WJ, Robinson JP, Flynn M, Hudson JL, Duque RE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Measurable amounts of viable and functional polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are recovered from pooled washings of the gingival crevice of healthy individuals. In the present study, we have assessed the ability of the PMNs removed from single healthy or diseased pocket sites to mount an oxidative burst when challenged with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and compared these activities with each other and with those obtained with autologous peripheral-blood PMNs. The oxidative burst after PMA stimulation was evaluated by using methods developed for the flow cytometer. The results showed that the PMNs collected from untreated disease sites were minimally responsive to PMA when compared with peripheral-blood PMNs collected at the same time from the same individual. Thus, whereas the peripheral-blood PMNs exhibited significantly lower resting oxidative product formation and a 500\% increase when stimulated with PMA, all gingival-crevicular PMNs exhibited significantly higher resting formation of oxidized products but only a 150\% increase after PMA stimulation. PMNs obtained from a consistently healthy site had significantly higher resting production of oxidized products and were able to mount the greatest absolute increase in oxidized products after PMA stimulation when compared with PMNs collected from diseases sites. Mechanical debridement of these diseased sites, which both reduced the bacterial numbers and restored clinical health, resulted in the recovery of gingival-crevicular PMNs that exhibited an oxidative burst more typical of that observed in PMNs obtained from healthy gingival sites and from the peripheral blood. This suggested that the PMNs collected from the diseased sites either had been exhausted by the large numbers of bacteria present in these sites or had been specifically inhibited by these bacteria.
This article was published in Infect Immun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords