Author(s): Berchtold E, Maibach R, Mller U
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Abstract In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial on 52 patients with bee venom allergy we studied the effect of a pretreatment with terfenadine 120 mg twice daily on the occurrence of local and systemic allergic side effects from rush-immunotherapy. Large local reactions were significantly reduced by terfenadine pretreatment (P less than 0.01), while systemic side effects were observed with similar frequencies in both groups. Analysis of individual systemic allergic manifestations showed that cutaneous symptoms like itching (P less than 0.025) and urticaria/angioedema (P less than 0.05) were significantly reduced, while respiratory or cardiovascular symptoms were not influenced. A lower consumption of additional anti-allergic medication was found during terfenadine pretreatment (P less than 0.05). Pretreatment with antihistamines during immunotherapy may thus be helpful in the management of patients with cutaneous side effects.
This article was published in Clin Exp Allergy
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy