alexa Reductive dechlorination of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers in soil under anaerobic conditions.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Middeldorp PJ, van Doesburg W, Schraa G, Stams AJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The biological anaerobic reductive dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane under methanogenic conditions was tested in a number of contaminated soil samples from two locations in the Netherlands. Soils from a heavily polluted location showed rapid dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane to benzene and chlorobenzene with lactate as electron donor. Soils from an adjacent slightly polluted location did not show substantial dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane within 4 months. A heavily polluted sample was selected to optimise the dechlorination. All tested hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-), either added separately or simultaneously, were dechlorinated in this soil sample. The most rapid dechlorination was observed at a temperature of 30 degrees C. Dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane was observed with acetate, propionate, lactate, methanol, H2, yeast extract and landfill leachate as electron donors. In a soil percolation column, packed with a selected heavily polluted soil sample, the presence of 10 mM sulphate in the influent led to simultaneous dechlorination of beta-hexachlorocyclohexane and sulphate reduction. When the column was fed with 10 mM nitrate instead of sulphate, dechlorination ceased immediately. After omitting nitrate from the influent, dechlorination activity recovered in about 1 month. Also in a separate column, the addition of nitrate from the start of the experiment did not result in dechlorination of beta-HCH. The significance of these experiments for in situ bioremediation of polluted soils is discussed.
This article was published in Biodegradation and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version