Author(s): Schlumberger M, Chougnet C, Baudin E, Leboulleux S pour le r
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Abstract Refractory thyroid cancers include medullary and differentiated cancers with locally advanced disease that is not amenable to surgery or with distant metastases, differentiated thyroid carcinomas being refractory to radio-iodine treatment and all anaplastic carcinomas. These carcinomas are rare, with an estimated incidence in France of 350 new cases per year. Their management may benefit from the TUTHYREF network. Kinase inhibitors inhibit kinases of the VEGF receptors, and this inhibits angiogenesis, and some of these agents also inhibit other kinases of the MAPkinase pathway. These inhibitors are effective in differentiated and medullary thyroid cancers, and induce a partial response or a long-term stabilisation in more than half of patients. Their toxicity is significant and these treatments should be given only to selected patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease, with progression or with clinical symptoms. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
This article was published in Presse Med
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome