Author(s): Reddy PP, Barrieras DJ, Wilson G, Bgli DJ, McLorie GA,
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Abstract PURPOSE: We previously reported on the short-term (4 weeks) morphometric analysis of a large bladder acellular matrix allograft used as a bladder bioprosthesis (average size 24 cm.2). We demonstrated cellular repopulation through the entire thickness of the graft. We now present the long-term (12 weeks) morphometric results of graft regenerated porcine bladders using segments measuring an average of 40 cm.2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bladders harvested from pigs were subjected to detergent and enzymatic extractions to render them acellular. Partial cystectomy was performed in 21 pigs and the defect was repaired with a bladder acellular matrix allograft (average size 40.52 cm.2). Of the animals 8 were sacrificed at 1, 2 and 4 weeks and 13 were sacrificed at 8 and 12 weeks. To evaluate cellular repopulation and matrix reorganization the native bladder and graft were analyzed using standard histological and immunofluorescent techniques. To evaluate for calcium deposits in the grafts a radiological evaluation of the graft was performed after explantation. RESULTS: All animals survived the surgical procedure and there were no significant urinary leaks. No stones were noted in any of the bladders. At 1 week there was a diffuse infiltration with acute inflammatory cells. At 2 weeks the luminal surface of the graft was lined with a single layer of urothelium, and there was stromal infiltration with unorganized smooth muscle cells and angiogenesis. At 4 weeks the urothelium was multilayered with organizing groups of smooth muscle cells and angiogenesis. At 8 and 12 weeks there was repopulation throughout the bladder acellular matrix allograft implant with all native cellular components participating. CONCLUSIONS: We present evidence that large patch bladder acellular matrix allograft implantation is technically feasible and may prove to be a viable surgical alternative to bladder augmentation with intestinal segments. Its advantages may include the potential for complete and functional regeneration of a bladder substitute.
This article was published in J Urol
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering