Author(s): Schipper BM, Marra KG, Zhang W, Donnenberg AD, Rubin JP
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Abstract Adipose tissue has been shown to contain adult mesenchymal stem cells that have therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine. There is evidence that the ability of adipose precursor cells to grow and differentiate varies among fat depots and changes with age. Defining these variations in cell function and molecular mechanisms of adipogenesis will facilitate the development of cell-based therapies. We compared cells harvested from 5 different subcutaneous (SC) adipose depots in 12 female patients classified into 3 age ranges (25-30, 40-45, and 55-60 years old). Capacity for differentiation of isolated adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) with and without ciglitazone, a strong peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptors (PPAR)-gamma agonist, was assessed in vitro. ASCs were also characterized by lipolytic function, proliferation, and sensitivity to apoptosis. Additionally, PPAR-gamma-2 protein expression was determined. We observed a difference in the apoptotic susceptibility of ASCs from various SC depots, with the superficial abdominal depot (above Scarpas layer) significantly more resistant to apoptosis when compared with the 4 other depots. We have also demonstrated that a PPAR-gamma agonist aids in the induction of differentiation in cells from all depots and ages. Although sensitivity to apoptosis was linked to anatomic depot, differences in cell proliferation were related primarily to age. Stimulated free glycerol release has been shown to be highest in the arm depot. The arm depot has also consistently shown expression of PPAR-gamma-2 with and without a PPAR-gamma agonist. Younger patients have increased PPAR-gamma-2 expression in all depots, whereas the older patients have consistent elevated expression only in the arm and thigh depots. We have shown there is variability in function of ASCs that have been harvested from different SC depots. Additionally, we have shown age-related changes in function. These data will help select patients and cell harvest sites most suitable for tissue engineering therapies.
This article was published in Ann Plast Surg
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy