Author(s): Eriksson BI, Hultman E, Martinell S, Eriksson E, Tengborn L,
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Abstract The local effect of operative trauma on the fibrinolytic system was studied in ten patients undergoing total hip replacement. Catheters were inserted in the femoral veins on both sides and blood was sampled from these catheters perioperatively. The following fibrinolytic variables were analysed in plasma and related to the different steps of surgery: tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, t-PA antigen and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) activity. During surgery PAI-1 activity and t-PA antigen in the operated limb were significantly increased compared with preoperative values. There was a significant difference in PAI-1 activity and t-PA antigen between the operated and the non-operated limbs during surgery and within one hour postoperatively. During fixation of the femoral implant there was a significant difference between the operated and the non-operated limbs in t-PA activity. Thus the regional fibrinolytic response to trauma was dissociated from the response in the non-operated limb. The clinical relevance of the observed alterations in regional fibrinolysis, as related to thrombogenic mechanisms after hip surgery, remains to be elucidated.
This article was published in Thromb Res
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research