alexa Regulation and mechanisms of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1-mediated cellular cholesterol efflux.
Medicine

Medicine

Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Wang N, Tall AR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis and HDL metabolism. ABCA1 mediates cellular cholesterol and phospholipid efflux to lipid-poor apolipoproteins, and upregulation of ABCA1 activity is antiatherogenic. ApoA-I, the major apolipoprotein component of HDL, promotes ABCA1-mediated cholesterol and phospholipid efflux, probably by directly binding to ABCA1. ABCA1 gene expression is markedly increased in cholesterol-loaded cells as a result of activation of LXR/RXR. ABCA1 protein turnover is rapid. ABCA1 contains a PEST--proline (P), glutamate (E), serine (S), and threonine (T)--sequence in the intracellular segment that mediates ABCA1 degradation by a thiol protease, calpain. ApoA-I and apoE stabilize ABCA1 in a novel mode of regulation by decreasing PEST sequence-mediated calpain proteolysis. ABCA1-mediated cholesterol and phospholipid efflux are distinctly regulated and affected by the activity of other gene products. Stearyol CoA desaturase decreases ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux but not phospholipid efflux, likely by decreasing the cholesterol pool available to ABCA1. This and other evidence suggest that ABCA1 promotes cholesterol and phospholipid efflux, probably by directly transporting both lipids as substrates. This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 22nd World Cardiology Conference
    December 11-12, 2017 Rome, Italy

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords