Author(s): Snchez Martin C, DazNido J, Avila J
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Abstract The phosphorylation state of cytoskeletal proteins, including certain microtubule-associated proteins, may influence the development and plasticity of axons and dendrites in mammalian neuron in response to appropriate extracellular stimuli. In particular, high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2, has been implicated in dendrite growth and synaptic plasticity and is thought to be modulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. We have previously determined that threonines 1620/1623 on the microtubule-associated protein 2 molecule become phosphorylated in vivo and are targets for proline-directed protein kinases in vitro. Using the phosphorylated site-specific antibody 305, we now report the decreased phosphorylation state of high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 during the development of cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Phosphorylation of high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 at this site is significantly inhibited by lithium in short-term cultured neurons, which suggests the implication of glycogen synthase kinase-3. In long-term cultured neurons, it is also partially inhibited by PD098059, an inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase activation, which indicates an additional contribution of this kinase to high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 phosphorylation at this stage. Both in short-term and long-term cultured neurons, okadaic acid augments high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 phosphorylation at this site through the inhibition of protein phosphatases 1 and/or 2A. Finally, glutamate receptor activation leads to a dephosphorylation of high molecular weight microtubule-associated protein 2 at this site which can also be effectively prevented by okadaic acid. These results are consistent with the participation of glycogen synthase kinase-3, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases and protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, in the regulation of microtubule-associated protein 2 phosphorylation within living neurons, which may be modulated by extracellular signals like the neurotransmitter glutamate.
This article was published in Neuroscience
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics